The deep state (Turkish: derin devlet) is alleged to be a group of influential anti-democratic coalitions within the Turkish political system, composed of high-level elements within the intelligence services (domestic and foreign), Turkish military, security, judiciary, and mafia. The notion of deep state is similar to that of a "state within the state". For those who believe in its existence, the political agenda of the deep state involves an allegiance to nationalism, corporatism, and state interests. Violence and other means of pressure have historically been employed in a largely covert manner to manipulate political and economic elites and ensure specific interests are met within the seemingly democratic framework of the political landscape. Former president Süleyman Demirel says that the outlook and behavior of the (predominantly military) elites who constitute the deep state, and work to uphold national interests, are shaped by an entrenched belief, dating to the fall of the Ottoman Empire, that the country is always "on the brink".
State within a state is a political situation in a country when an internal organ ("deep state"), such as the armed forces and civilian authorities (intelligence agencies and police), does not respond to the civilian political leadership. The term, like many in politics, derives from the Greek language (κράτος εν κράτει, kratos en kratei, later adopted into Latin as imperium in imperio or status in statu).
Sometimes, the term refers to state companies that, though formally under the command of the government, act de facto like private corporations. Sometimes, the term refers to companies that, though formally private, act de facto like "states within a state".
Certain political debates surrounding the separation of church and state revolve around the perception that if left unchecked, the Church might turn into a kind of State within a State, an illegitimate outgrowth of the State's natural civil power.
Imperium in imperio was also the first state motto of Ohio, reflecting its great size and influence within the early United States. The motto proved unpopular and was replaced two years later.
Deep State is a 2011 thriller written by American science fiction author Walter Jon Williams.
This is the second book in the Dagmar Shaw series.
The prologue opens at a CIA listening post somewhere in Turkey. A military coup has just toppled the elected government of Turkey, and the military intelligence contractors at the post are uncertain as to whether the new government will allow them to continue their work or will have them arrested for espionage. A Turkish military convoy is spotted heading toward the post, and they are ordered to flee. After they have gotten away, they realize that a mixup (possibly deliberate) by other station personnel has caused them to leave a computer containing critical classified computer networking software at the listening post.
The main storyline commences a few months later with Dagmar and her company, Great Big Idea, running an ARG (augmented reality game) in Turkey. Dagmar owns and runs Great Big Idea now that her friend Charlie has been murdered (see This Is Not a Game). The game is to publicise a new James Bond movie. The military coup has left the new movie in a bad position, marketing-wise, as the studio fears that moviegoers will avoid their movie due to the recent coup. As a result, they have hired Dagmar to create a game to create favorable publicity—thanks to a regular player of her games, known by his online gaming handle of Chatsworth, who is working for the movie studio.